NECO Civic Education Question And Answers [29th July 2021]









Instruction Answer two 2 Questions from this Section.
Civic education is the study of the theoretical, political and practical aspects of citizenship, as well as its rights and duties.

(i) Peace and Equality:
Civic education teaches us to respect each otherโ€™s belief and see each other as brothers or equal. One sad reoccurrence in our society today is ethnicity and religious superiority.

(ii) Patriotism:
Through Civic education, we as citizens begin to feel love, devotion and attachment to our country. Obeying the laws of the land, promoting good values, shunning vices and active participation in the governance of the nation

(iii) Sustainable Development:
The curriculum of Civic education is structured to address the goals of sustainable development which are summed up into social justice, ecological sustainability, good governance and economic productivity.

-[Pick any four]-
(i) Home
(ii) School
(iii) Peer-group
(iv) Mass media
(v) Religions institutions
(vi) Community.

Cultism is a form of organization whose activities are not only exclusively kept away from the knowledge of others but such activities are carried out at odd hours of the day and they often clash with the accepted norms and values of everyday life.

-[Pick any four]-
(i) The overwhelming influence of peer pressures.
(ii) The parental background, if my dad or mom was in a cult, I will likely join one.
(iii) Society decay in standards, morals, dignity, religious faith, honor and discipline.
(iv) Fallen standard of education.
(v) Violent electoral and political processes.

-[Pick any five]-
(i) Breakdown of law and order.

(ii)Violence and social instability.

(iii) Disruption of academic activities.

(iv) Disorientation of societal values.

(v) Premature death of youths who are cult members/innocent victims.

(vi) Drug addiction and related health problems.

Instruction Answer two 2 Questions from this Section.
Individual (civil) rights.
life, liberty, and security of the person; privacy and freedom of movement; ownership of property; freedom of thought, conscience, and religious belief and practice; prohibition of slavery, torture, and cruel or degrading punishment.

Rule of law
equal recognition before the law and equal protection of the law; effective legal remedy for violation of rights; impartial hearing and trial; presumption of innocence; and prohibition of arbitrary arrest.

Rights of political expression
freedom of expression, assembly, and association; the right to take part in government; and periodic and meaningful elections with universal and equal suffrage.

Economic and social rights.
an adequate standard of living; free choice of employment; protection against unemployment; “just and favorable remuneration”; the right to form and join trade unions; “reasonable limitation of working hours”; free elementary education; social security; and the “highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.”

Rights of communities.
self-determination and protection of minority cultures.

(i) Law Making
(ii)Control over the Budget
(iii) Judicial
(iv) Amendment of the Constitution
(v) Control over Executive


(i) Law Making:
In modern times the most important function of legislature is law making. Ordinary Bills can be introduced by the members of the Parliament and by the Ministers, while Money Bills can be introduced only by the Ministers in the Lower House.

(ii)Control over the Budget:
The legislature has control over the budget of the executive (Government) and without its approval the executive cannot spend even a single โ€˜paisaโ€™. In England and India, the Members of the Parliament can impose a cut on any demand on the budget but they cannot increase it.

(iii) Judicial:
In certain countries the legislature has to perform certain judicial functions. For example, in India and America the Parliament and the Congress can remove the President by a process of Impeachment.

(iv) Amendment of the Constitution:
In every democracy, the power to amend the constitution rests with the legislature of that country. The only difference is that in some countries, a similar procedure is adopted as that for the amendment of ordinary laws.

(v) Control over Executive:
In a Parliamentary Government the Legislature or the Parliament exercises full control over the executive or the Council of Ministers. The Parliament has the right to put Questions and Supplementary Questions to the Cabinet.

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